1. Selection Test: is a test based on which a decision of whether a candidate is to be accepted or not for a certain learning program is made.
2. Placement Test: is a test administered in order to place a student in his/her appropriate level before a learning program starts.
3. Pre-Test: is a test administered to measure the students’ performance in the beginning of each instructional unit.
4. Formative Test: is a test administered to measure learning progress during an instruction.
5. Diagnostic Test: a test administered to diagnose learning difficulties during an instruction.
6. Summative Test: a test administered to measure students’ achievement of instructional objectives at the end of a program.
1. Language aptitude test : a test designed to measure learners’ potentials for learning a new language.
2. Language proficiency test: is a test designed to measure learners’ linguistic knowledge and skills apart from trainings they may have got.
3. Achievement test: is a test designed to measure the extent to which students achieve the instructional objectives.
1. Teacher-made test: is a test designed by classroom teachers to be used for their own classes.
2. Standardized test: a test designed by a team of experts in which its development, administration, scoring, and interpretation are conducted based certain standards.
1. Verbal test: is a test that requires students to provide verbal responses, either orally or written.
2. Performance test: a test that requires students to perform tasks.
1. Descrete test: is a test that focusses its measurement on one language aspect (E.g.: grammar or vocabulary) or one language skill (listening or reading) only.
2. Integrative test: is a test that measures students’ mastery of more than one language aspects or language skills at a time.
For example: cloze test, C-test, dictation.
1. Objective test: a test in which different equally competent scorers may assign equal scores. Examples:
a) short-answer item
2. Subjective test: a test in which the scores are affected by the scorers’ opinion, perception, and psychological states. Examples:
a) Essay question:
– Restricted response essay
– Extended response essay